1. Attention-getter: When I came to college I was completely unaware of who I  was – broken and exhausted after working my first summer as a wilderness guide. In this season of vulnerability I was highly aware of the needs of others after working with a tightly knit, highly emotional team for the last three months.  I never knew the power that self awareness or emotional intelligence had .until I was able to begin having those difficult conversations with people that I deeply respected and trusted.
    2. Central Idea: In those conversations I learned this, healthy communities thrive because there is a mutual understanding of how one another thinks and functions.
    3. Establish credibility and relate topic to audience: It was then, in the chaos of coming to college that I realized that there was something broken, something in our communities that overlooked the true needs of individuals in the name of the betterment of the group as a whole
    4. Preview the main points: Coming full circle, in my senior year, I have chosen to study the role that personality types, emotional intelligence, and empathy play personally and in a community setting.
    5. Transition: So lets start here…
  1. BODY
    1. Main Point: The best place to start when trying to understand communities is to start with individuals. The easiest place to begin is personality typing systems.
      1. The Myers Briggs
        1. The Myers Briggs. The focus of the Myers Briggs is preference psychologist Rowan Bayne describes the MBTI as a system of “preference and what feels the most comfortable and natural”.
        2. The main verb associated with the MBTi is what will you DO.
        3. Types are divided into four sections –           Extraversion  / Introversion, Sensing / Intuition, Thinking/ Feeling, Judging / Perceiving                          
      2. The Enneagram
        1. The Enneagram is a personality typing that is more respected than the MBTI and has been around since Ancient Greece.
        2. The Enneagram is divided into nine different core types ( 1-9 ) “Nine different ways to be in the world” (The Road Back to You Suzanne Stibile).. The Reformer, The Helper, The Achiever, The Individualist, The Investigator, The Loyalist, The Enthusiast, The Challenger and The Peacemaker.
        3. Because of the malleable nature of the Enneagram, accounting for seasons of health and unhealth the main verb behind the Enneagram is what have you DONE?  
      3. Though personality tests seem to be promising resources for personal growth there is also a shadow side to them.
        1. Richard Rohr, the author and psychologist in charge of the Enneagram I and II, deeply believes that the Enneagram is a tool for spiritual discernment. This being said, personality typing systems are not an adequate replacement for vulnerability with Christ.
        2. The most dangerous use of personality typing systems is someone who learns but does not apply what they have learned to life. “Someone who does not want to learn and change can misuse the Enneagram as an excuse for his attitude”   ( Hannah Nathans, The Enneagram at Work )
        3. Transition: So where do we go once we begin to understand individuals? We look at how they interact together.
    2. Main Point:  In the famous podcast Invisibillia a study was done on prisoners  The stability of prisoners on NPR. The team of radio journalists from Invisibillia did a study where they were able to interact with incarcerated prisoners as well as psychologists who were able to verifying the recent changes in prisoners’ personality types. The study found that the human brain was able to turn on and off a range of different desires. Which poses this – “There is no such things as stable people only stable situations”  How do we handle this? Emotional Intelligence  
      1.  What is Emotional Intelligence? What is the function of EQ?
        1. Your intelligence quotient is not how inherently smart you are or how much you know but rather measures your ability to learn rather than what you know.  Your emotional quotient is your ability to recognize and understand emotions in yourself and others, and use your ability to use this awareness to manage your behavior and relationships – it is distinct from your intellect.
        2. IQ is permanent, EQ is changeable and can be improved over time or ignored entirely.
        3. A well rounded emotional quotient is able to identify the five core emotions, determine their level of intensity and then act upon the gathered information.
      2. What role do emotions play in personality?
        1. What are emotions? Why do they matter?               “The rational area of your brain (the front of your brain)  can’t stop emotion “felt” by the limbic system but the two areas do influence each other and maintain constant communication” (Bradberry, Greaves Emotional Intelligence 2.0).
        2. Being aware of both our mood and our thoughts about that mood (Daniel Goleman Emotional Intelligence)
        3. “The daily challenge of dealing effectively with emotions is critical to the human condition because our brains are hardwired to give your emotions the upper hand.” (Bradberry, Greeves Emotional Intelligence 2.0)
    1. Main Point: So where do we go when personality and emotional intelligence fail? Empathy
      1. Empathy is the beginning of it all.
        1. At its core empathy is the ability to connect in a judgement free way to others around us.
        2. Empathy does not ask “What can I fix?” Empathy does not offer an a list of questions to dig deeper. Empathy is the art of being with another person.
      2. All personalities fail and all relationships fail eventually but the vulnerability in connection is the only way to create stable situations in times of chaos.
        1. Rarely does a response make something better. The art of empathy is learning to rewrite the preprogrammed responses that we have been taught to use when we enter into situations of vulnerability and get flustered.  Take someone else’s perspective, be non judgemental, use emotional intelligence to recognize emotion in others and choose to take on the emotions of that other person even if it is only briefly.
        2. The only solution to brokenness in communities is making the active to step into a broken and vulnerable spaces and connecting to something within ourselves that allows us to feel what the other person is feeling.
        3. The brokenness we face is undeniable and the price of God’s glory shining through in our lives in brokenness.
      3. We only need to know how to handle it.
    1. Summary: We need to understand our communities around us so we start with ourselves, making a genuine effort to see and understand our blind spots through personality typing systems. In turn our communities should be personally aware enough to anticipate the needs of others as well as knowing how to appropriately respond. Finally our communities are sealed together by empathy and the ability to take on the perspective of another. Communities are driven apart by apathy and misunderstanding of a person’s exact needs or ability to articulate desires. It is our calling  as Christians and as human beings to mend this wound.   
    2. Restatement of the central idea
    3. Closing lines that relate back to the introductio